Your Loving Daughter,
Since there's no important news out of Asia or anything, Time splashes a pretty redhead and a Broadway producer on the front cover. (Beats giving General MacArthur another one!)
LettersCaptain Streichen. Time is still super-duper mad at Merriman Smith for breaking the Wake Island embargo. Several people still like Omar Khayyam even if the edition was improved. Our publisher catches up with Korean Presbyterian seminarian Ye Yun-Ho, who survived the Communist occupation just fine, although the American bombing and the inflation have been a trial and now he has to make ends meet by painting the portraits of American GIs, and just the other day when he went to a church in Pusan a stray dog bit his leg, and in general he is ashamed that before the war he was trying to go to America. I feel like Our Publisher either needs some help reading between the lines, or that he's just passing the message along to someone else who or might not be Henry Luce.
"Command Request" Anna Marie Lederer Rosenberg is George Marshall's Assistant Secretary of Defence in charge of manpower and personnel. It is the biggest job that's ever gone to a woman at Defence, which is a bit less impressive when the Defence Department is only five years old, but also an acknowledgement that Mrs. Rosenberg knows manpower. Policy. Manpower policy!
"Photofinish" Five days after the election in Michigan, it looks as though incumbent Governor and sopa fortune heir, G. Mennen Williams, had defeated war veteran Clem McCarthy by just 535 votes. With the results so close, a recount seems like a good idea. By law, a recount has to be requested by someone, who pays $5 per precinct, which turns out to be quite a chunk of change, $21,000 statewide. The Detroit News suggests that the state should step in and pick up the tab, since it's in everyone's interest to know who won.
In local results, South Carolina ditched its poll tax, Georgia rejected Governor Talmudge's outrageous plan to count general election returns by county instead of by popular vote, Arizona refused to ban segregation in its schools, Portland, Oregon voted down an ordinance that would have made it illegal to refuse service to non-whites, more states added veterans' bonusses, pro-gambling and Prohibition measures failed all over the place, and "[w]herever he got the chance, the voter swung at home-grown subversives."
You know, in this version of the story it sounds like the WSA was taking advantage of a poor country boy, but I can imagine another way this story could be told!
"Prescription: More and More" Gordon Gray told Congress this week that Europe would continue to need US aid through the Marshall Plan until 1953 and 1954. Although European economies are recovering and trade is humming along, rearmament is imposing inflationary pressures, and Europe could use dollar aid, as distinct from military, as well as a grab bag of American changes to make exporting to the US easier and exporting from the US, harder.General John Cannon.
"No More 4-Fs" The US Armed Forces passed over 6.419 million men as 4-F in WWII, but Colonel Warner Bowers thinks that the category should be abolished in favour of a new "special limited duty" category that could be called up as needed for "less strenuous duty behind the lines."
War in Asia
"Red Mystery" The Chinese have pulled back from their offensive in Korea, leading Time to speculate that the Chinese are offering a bargain: Recognition in return for ending the war in Korea. Time now blames the British for pushing the idea that the Chinese intervention was to safeguard the Yalu dams, and presents their argument as being that if the UN promises a free and democratic Korea with Chinese interests in the border area "respected," that some kind of diplomatic solution to the war can follow. Red China has been invited, and agreed, to send a delegation to the United Nations to talk about Formosa and "American intervention in Korea, if not precisely "the Korean war," to be led by General Wu Hsieu-chuan.
"Halloween Party" Time's Hugh Moffet interviewed survivors of 8th Cavalry, 1st US Cavalry Division who had filtered back to UN lines seven days after the "Halloween Party" that destroyed their regiment. They had it rough, and so does Timesman Hugh Moffett, who hasn't written a single book as good as his Dad's history of Christianity in Asia from earliest times. That is, if they are related. I wouldn't even be mentioning this story if I didn't think they were, though! Time really is rotten with missionary kids.
"Busiest Week" It has been the busiest week of the war for US air power, and increasingly for Russian, as Russian jets race across the border to dogfight American jets and piston planes. Allied air counts 48 Russian losses. Time assures us that US bombing lines remain south of the Yalu, even though Communist AA is cheating and firing from north of the river. Sinuiju was hit again by B-29s, this time 300 fighters and 79 bombers dropping 640 tons of bombs and 85,000 incendiaries. The Air Force reported 90% of Sinuiju levelled and "damage" to the approaches to one of the big Yalu bridges. Air Force fighters returned later in the week and took out the remaining bridges. In the air, a scrap between "eight or more Russian-made MiG-15s" and four Lockheed F-80s reportedly led to the loss of one Communist jet, no American losses. American pilots report shooting down "at least" seven Russian jets in the first week of jet-age warfare.
"Government by Ambulance" Four confidence votes on housing, the cost of living and price controls over the last week have had the London ambulances busy, shuttling sick MPs to and from their hospital beds. I think it's a joke. The Government also lost a non-vote of confidence motion.
"C'est Terrible" The Atlee Government has compromised on the Russian-inspired Second World Peace Congress, called for Sheffield. The meeting can go ahead, because of freedom. But the delegates can't enter Britain, also because of freedom. You see, Communists like Frederic Joliot-Curie and Dmitro Shostakovich are against freedom. Pablo Picasso did make it into the country, however. That left only a few hundred delegates of 2000 expected, so the meetings were shifted to Warsaw and meanwhile one of the British organisers, Frank Cecil Powell, won the Nobel Prize for Physics. Continuing on an otherwise unrelated note, Lord Russell got the 1950 Nobel Prize for Literature. Oh, wait, it isn't unrelated because Russell said something bad about Communism once, which just goes to show. The 1949 Prize was also announced this week, it having been stuck in traffic for the last year. Or something. Because it went to William Faulkner, an American, who is a moderately experimental writer (I should mention because I know you don't follow these things.) The important thing is that he is about the safest Southerner you can nominate. There happen to be a lot of very important American writers from the South right now, but most of them are stone cold Confederates, and this might not be the right time to give them Nobel prizes. Best to make sure that the one you have is politically safe, is my thinking.
"The Plane to Moscow" Maurice Thorez has flown to Moscow for medical treatment for a stroke. Jacques Duclos will replace him at the head of the French Communist Party, and that leaves about a column and a half to explore the novel idea that Communism might be terrible. Also, the French Foreign Minister went to Moscow for talks about a "Third Force," underlining the fact that Communism is terrible because the French are terrible for talking with the Communists, who are terrible.
"On y Va" An Air India Constellation has crashed on Mont Blanc. For two days a rescue party of French and Swiss mountaineers struggled to reach the site through heavy snow and howling winds, fortified by plentiful grog. Despite the death of one of the mountaineers, they reached the site, saw some bodies, and brought back some packets of air mail to confirm that they had reached the site. Everyone was impressed and there was a party, with lots of champagne, and it is almost beside the point to report anything as tedious as the death count. (According to the dailies , 8 crew, 40 passengers.)
"Toward Unity" There may be progress in the Malayan Insurgency as the Malayans seem ready to agree to extend the franchise to 50% of the country's Chinese inhabitants, up from an original 10%, and to the rest in twenty years, when they have become assimilated into Malayan society.
Also, Semyon Budenny has appeared out of nowhere to head this year's October Revolution parade, perhaps marking a turn towards Russian patriotism and away from Communism.
"New Orders" The National Production Authority has ordered a cutback in rubber use, "frivolous construction," and, more specifically a 35% cut in aluminum for civil use. Steel producers have been told to keep production steady, and orders are being cut to allow Canadian companies to participate in defence work. Some businessmen are saying that this is all dumb because there's not actually a war on.
"Desert Victory" Remember how the Arabs won't ship their oil through Haifa and its pipeline? Well, this week the Arabian-American Oil Company's Trans-Arabian pipeline starts pumping 350,000 barrels of oil a day through the Lebanese port of Sidon. It's the largest foreign project ever financed by private US capital, which allows Time to wax lyrical about (construction) towns in the desert, private airlines and vast fleets of freighters and tankers.
"Solomon's Verdict" Two consortiums have been arguing before the National Power Board that they ought to get the right to supply New England with Texan natural gas. This week, the NPB decided that they could both have a share, with the company that actually has a natural gas supply lined up, getting the first and biggest cut.
"To Arms" Beardsley Ruml has appointed himself head of the fight against the excess profits tax, although there's plenty of competition for the head of the column, since business tends to agree that it's a bad idea. Ruml has two advantages, though. First, he is the tax expert who led on "pay as you go," and, second, he has an alternative, an emergency income surtax.
"Insult to Injury" The FCC is still bumbling through colour vision, this week telling RCA that it had to turn its tri-colour tube over to Columbia so that CBC could experiment with it.
"King's Crown" Justus Kleberg's attempt to breed the heaviest and hardiest beef cattle breed ever, the Santa Gertrudis, seems to be paying off, as the first auction of breeding stock wins record prices.
"Border Raid" US stock speculator Charles Allen launched a takeover attempt against Sun Life, the Canadian insurance company last week that came very close to succeeding before the Canadians ordered all hands to battle stations to repel boarders. But since this included Sun Life issuing a special $1 a share dividend, Allen managed to make a bunch of money out of being beaten.
Science, Medicine, Education
"Man or Dog?" Time points out that surgeons practice on stray dogs bought from pounds for very good reason, and it is very upset that the City of Baltimore is considering an ordinance banning the practice. So are some of the good citizens, but not others, and much heat and no light was had by all. Time then drags in Los Angeles, where the anti-vivisectionists are even halting the AEC's crucial research into the effects of radiation poisoning, and where the anti-vivisectionists were recently defeated by 357,000 votes to 262,000.
"Hormones and Arteries" Last week, three doctors of Manhattan's Mount Sinai warned that new treatments with hormones such as ACTH and cortisone may lead to hardening of the arteries.
"Intestinal Fortitude" Humans have 25 feet of intestine, most of it in the small intestine and consisting of the duodenum, ileum and jejunum. Last week, Dr. Theodore Leonidowitch Althausen of the University of California provided an estimate of just how much of that intestine could be removed for various surgical reasons and leave the patient with enough gut to live: all but two feet, he estimates on a grand total of two test cases.
"Grand Tour" Time for some reason thinks that the retirement of President Harry Woodburn Chase of New York University is worth a full column, which at least beats a story about how a survey of Wellesley girls show that most of them went to Wellesley because of the name and not because it was just down the road from Harvard and MIT. The Fords send all their boys to the Hotchkiss School, and in gratitude are buying it a stately pleasure dome, or maybe a new library. Cambridge University continues to show why you shouldn't go there, appointing Lord Tedder to replace General Smuts as chancellor. Johns Hopkins Science Review is quite a television show.
Press, Radio and Television, Art, People
Carl Shires, a former copy boy and now a journalism student at Columbia, got an exclusive interview with Ambassador Malik by walking up and talking with him.
"Editor's Choice" The Radio Daily awards are out. Jack Benny and Eve Arden are the man and woman of the year, and so on through 21 categories including Best Quiz Show (You Bet Your Life) and best television sportscaster (Jimmy Powers.) Get your own Time if you want the full list! New York World Telegram and Sun columnist John McClain is in trouble for printing a parody of a small town newspaper story that is making the rounds. Vision is a Spanish-language weekly newsmagazine printed in New York and distributed in Latin America starting this week, which is news because the publisher used to be with Time (and also Newsweek and Quick.)
"Fog over Kalimpong" The Chinese invasion of Tibet naturally had the press in a stir, and 15 foreign and 200 Indian journalists trying to cover the story from New Delhi led to a natural bit of one-upmanship as the stars of the Indian press rushed to the border town of Kalimpong to talk to the stranded Tibetan delegation-to-points-to-be-determined (London? Lake Success? Peking?). The delegation, which is probably headed for Peking, declined to talk to the press, leaving it with nothing to do but make up stories about the fugitive Dalai Lama, headed for India at the head of a yak caravan loaded with the gold and diamond treasure of Lhasa.
"Hearst Hideaway" The Los Angeles Examiner promises to microfilm the private papers of readers and forward them to an atom bomb-proof safe in the wilds of Arizona, 25 cents the page. Time is pretty sure that the readership thinks that it is a terrible idea. As Time would, Time really doesn't like the Hearsts, for which I can hardly blame it.
Francis Goya was a "Rocky Genius," by which Time means that his Manhattan show this week shows that he was "rocky." Meanwhile, in Tulsa, the First National Bank of Tulsa has money to burn, so it decided to have a mural on its building, which will be by Fred Conway of Washington University. Time is pretty sure Jackson Pollack is a painter, tells us so.
Cyrano de Bergerac is by up-and-coming director, Stanley Kramer, and is apparently pretty good, and Maia Powers makes a good Roxanne. (The heroine.) Mad Wednesday is a late Harry Lloyd movie, by which I mean, made five years ago. I wasn't even sure he was still alive! The movie is apparently pretty lifeless. King Solomon's Mines is a Technicolor extravaganza set in the African wilderness with a cast of 8000 native tribesmen and 6000 wild animals supporting Deborah Kerr and Stewart Granger. Africa definitely overshadows Kerr and Granger.
Time, 27 November 1950
"A Face to the World" Time makes it very, very clear that it doesn't want the Administration to extend recognition to Red China in return for peace in Korea, suggesting that it makes America look weak and that Time will declare war on Dean Acheson even more than it already has if anything so disgraceful were to happen. It spares another couple of columns to scold General Bradley for suggesting that some kind of accommodation with China was better than atomic war. Time agrees with Red China that this is the wrong approach, then swings around to arguing that looking weak makes atomic war more likely, not less. Then, because it has been a whole page since Time last went off on Acheson, it throws in another jeremiad to the effect that he is very condescending and pedantic. Egghead! Also, Republican leadership in the Senate is going to keep Wayne Morris out of the Foreign Affairs Committee and hopefully replace him with Bill Knowland, replacing a liberal Republican with a Soong family retainer. Once again, just so we know where we stand.
"Bedfellows" Even Time has its limits, as it observes that "In Washington, it was be-kind-to-dictators week," with first Franco and now Tito getting their aid. Two peas in a pod! And Harry Gold's espionage trial goes on.
Manners and Morals hits the big time as it gets a cover story featuring the things that the kids today like. (Hopalong Cassidy, Westerns, the Green Hornet, X-Ray Guns, radi and Kukla, Fran and Ollie. But mainly Hopalong.) Once the story has finished wandering around its introduction, it is about William Boyd. With the news from Korea today, I'm too disgusted to make another crack about it's not as if there's a war on. Time brought this on us, and as far as I can tell, is going to get away with it.
The Kefauver Committee is in California cross-examining mobsters, and Joseph Szigeti is out of detention at Ellis Island after nine days after Immigration determined that he didn't do the unknown thing that he might have done if he hadn't not done it. (Talk is that it was a McCarran Act detention.)
The for some reason after lots of end-of-the-section bylines like Crime and Immigration, we take a swing back back by Administration for a story about . . . oh. About the "controversial chief of the [the Department of] Commerce's Far Eastern branch. That's right, Commerce has a branch that has something to do with Asia, and it has earned the displeasure of a Senate committee that Time forgets to name.. Specifically, chief Michael Lee is a former Jew, has been to Moscow, was refused US citizenship on the grounds that he got divorced, might have held up a gasoline shipment to the Koumintang in '48, and, in general, was disloyal. The Senate demanded his resignation, Lee refused, and after humming and hawing for a while, Secretary Sawyer has come back with a compromise: Lee gets his loyalty confirmed, and in return, gets fired while trying to resign. Fair! He might not be disloyal, but we still don't trust you!
Background for War
"How Strong is Russia?" So how is this war going to turn out? Time seems to be nerving itself up to one, so that's a question we should probably ask now. Well, there's probably about 200 million Russians, most of whom live in the far west, about 65 million of whom are under 15, compared with 40 million Americans.
I . . .Okay, let's just stop right there for a second. Remember the 1937 Soviet Census? The one that was stopped halfway through because it was expected to show a population of 180 million, but didn't? The 1939 Census ended up showing 171 million, but when anti-communists are talking about the effects of the Ukrainian famine, they say that the 1937 number was going to be 162 million or less. Now we're expected to believe that in the course of WWII, the population of the Soviet Union increased, according to Stalinist numbers, by fifteen percent? And if that weren't bad enough, Time reports that the Soviet next-war cohort is about 50% bigger than the American, which is probably correct, but without noting that the overall American population is smaller. Time goes on to suggest that the tiny Russian 24--55 cohort, reduced by the war, "is a powerful factor in persuading the Kremlin to postpone war for five or ten years."
War in Asia
If a certain facetiousness leaks into my tone, I assure you, dear Father, that it is my way of dealing with my boiling rage. I know that Time isn't responsible, that it is one of the privileges of the press to be irresponsible, but even so, the tone of Time coverage this last Thursday, the same day that the Reds launched their ambush of the Marines, is . . I've lost words. Words have no meaning. I've been taking Time to task, facetiously, for so long, that I can't say "horrible" or "terrible" or anything like that.
Evil. Will "evil" do?
"In Korea, U.N. forces, advancing cautiously toward the Manchurian frontier, were slowed down more by their own supply difficulties than by enemy resistance." The Chinese are holding off. Why? Some suggest that they're getting ready for a big push, but Time is confident that that's just silly, and they're there either as a diversion from Indo-China or to "extort political concessions." You know what would be a great way to extort political concessions? Putting Eighth Army in the bag! Time hasn't taken aim at the "unmilitary handwringing " at the Pentagon for a few pages, so it is time to return to the theme that all those dumb old generals are nothing but old ladies all in a fluster. Mao has made a "relatively small" investment in Korea to achieve the political concessions that the Administration are eager to foist on him. Meanwhile at Lake Success, the Iranian ambassador suggested a seven member committee to study whether the Reds should replace the Koumintang on the Security Council at some point in the future, was shouted down.
"To the Border" ""Advance elements of the US 7th Division" have reached the banks of the Yalu at Hyesankin after taking Kapsan in an armoured assault. Supported by oxcarts and air drops after snow blocked the roads from their supply port of Iwon, there is "nothing to worry about," says commanding General Barr. The Marines, who are fighting north along the roads along the west bank of the Changjin Reservoir, are not finding any enemies. The only real difficulties right now are from Red guerillas further south.
"Dreadful Winter" It's cold in Korea in the winter and now SHAEF is in trouble for not providing the troops with winter clothing. Fortunately, it turns out that it was the other guy's fault, and, anyway, it is just too cold for even parkas.
"Some Crazy War" Everyone agrees that it is unfair that the Communists have a safe zone in Manchuria, which is the only reason that MiG-15s are doing such a good job against B-29s trying to bomb Sinianju.
Jean Letourneau is talking about it and suggesting that the only reason it doesn't happen is that Moch is too fragile. And if that sounds a bit like a Le Monde reader trying to show that she's a Le Monde reader, what I mean is that the colonial minister is all for more guns, while the defence minister keeps arguing that France doesn't actually have more guns to spare, and the Finance Minister says that France can't afford more, either.
"Crown in Peril" Just because it is okay for France to run Annam doesn't mean that it is okay for China to run Tibet. So the Tibetans have done the only thing you can do in such a situation, which is to gather round and throw the weakest man off the sled, in this case Regent Takta Rimpoche. And if that doesn't work, they'll probably make a deal with the Reds.
The elections in the German state of Hesse went to the Socialists, while East Germany has declared an anti-sparrow campaign to reduce grain losses. The British have refused to send a Russian defector back to the Russians in return for an RAF pilot who ejected over East Germany and a sapper who went AWOL in Berlin. Time is very pleased with the pilot's young bride, who agrees and so has cosen "honour before love." Over at the National Coal Board, the Board is going to try to raise 1.8 billion dollars over fifteen years to increase coal production by 40 million tons while reducing the mining work force by 80,000. British coal mining is very labour intensive due to all the inefficient seams it works, and while productivity increased during the first years of nationalisating, it is starting to fall again, while the labour force has fallen to 687,000 and is declining by 1000 a week. The NCB aims to scrap or amalgamate half of Britain's present mines over the next fifteen years while opening 70 new mines and rebuilding 250 at the same time that it dieselises the hauling system and mechanises coal cutting. Of course coal is a bit passe in this age of the atom, so Time hails the latest split in the 9 member Liberal Party as "Splitting the Atom."
In this hemisphere Bill O'Dwyer is still news even though he is now exiled to Mexico. The US ambassador to Argentina has resigned to "enjoy a sabbatical." An airliner carrying 58 Canadian Holy Year pilgrims has crashed into Monte Obiou in the French Alps, 48 miles and ten days from the Mont Blanc crash. Among those dead, a father of nineteen. Quebec is in mourning.
ATT has settled its strike, Time is still ginning up opposition to the excess profits tax in the guise of news stories, and S. C. Johnson's new laboratory building is a Frank Lloyd Wright design "with no visible means of support."
"New Lease" A group of San Francisco car dealers are getting around the new restrictions on consumer credit by leasing cars to individual customers the same way as business already do.Dollar Steamships Line has been in trouble for a few years. Founded in 1901 by Captain Robert Dollar, the Dollar family has been accused of "milking" it of generous salaries while draining it of assets through a system of holding companies. Twelve years ago the company settled matters by handing over 93% of voting stock to the Maritime Commission, no cash, no liability, hands clean. The new American President Lines has been doing so well for the Maritime Commission that the company wanted to sell in '45, at which point the Dollar family stepped in to argue that they still owned the company via their preferred stock holdings. Last July, circuit court upheld the Dollar family and the APL reverted to Dollar ownership.
Earnings up, controls up, down and sideways. Honestly, no-one knows.
"Ceiling Unlimited" Yes, sure, everyone is calling for price controls and production controls and austerity, but Anno H. Johnson, "economist and vice president of J. Walter Thompson, Corporation," points out that the same thing was heard in 1941, and look what happened. Americans have more than the werewithal for a $200 billion investment in defence over the next five years without taking desperate measures. He breaks down the numbers in a bit more detail. Even though the full plan calls for a 8% increase in production next year --5% for defence, 3% for civilian consumption-- this is well short of increases achieved during the war, and some $86 billion has been invested in production in the last five years, while the labour force has increased by 9 million to 65 million during the war. By 1955 the population will hit 162 million and the GNP $350 billion, versus $270 billion now. We might be able to afford guns and butter.
Science, Medicine, Education
"Ice Islands" The Air Force, which has been flying over the Arctic Ocean a lot, has a low opinion of most of the ice that covers it. It is "spongy, salt-water ice only about ten feet thick," only suitable for an Eskimo family with their low standards in unreal estate. However, it also contains some quite substantial ice islands up to 350ft thick, some flat enough to land planes on, or possibly bulldozable to that extent. Obviously you would have to parachute a bulldozer onto this Arctic ice islands to accomplish that, but once that is accomplished you could easily build an advanced bomber base.So how is it coming along? Well, we're still in danger of having automatic factories and mechanical brains take over human work and destroy society, and since WWIII will require enormous numbers of men and encourage automatic factories, that day is closer than ever. Allan Seares of Remington Rand agrees, pointing out that UNIVAC can already do most of the tasks performed by flesh and blood clerks, doing a complicated payroll for 1000 employees in only forty minutes. He has no idea how many clerks UNIVAC will displace, but is pretty sure that all is for the best in this best of all possible worlds. A bit of a difference from the Wiener position, there! Luther Gulick of the Institute of Public Administration is less sure. Not about the possibilities of machines, which can do anything a human can do routinely, including observe facts and reach conclusions from their observations and communicate them over any distance. What he is concerned about is that they will replace "78.4% of men in factories employing more than 100 and 16.5% of the white-collar help. In ten years . . . some 7.5 million workers will be replaced by the intelligent machines." Management and government better act now, or the US will be left with a vast population "without support or function."
"Cells Alive" Dr. Robert Barer of Oxford has come up with a new way of imaging cells without damaging them from stain or deadly ultraviolet light. (Because they are transparent to ordinary light.) He scans them with a beam of low-intensity, monochromatic ultraviolet light, focussing the image on a reflecting microscope which projects it on a screen, and then "scans" the image with a rapidly rotating mirror onto a photomultiplier tube that turns it into a fluctuating electric current powerful enough to be imaged in a CRT. A series of "curves" from image "slices" can be built into an image of the still-healthy cell. In the future, he hopes that his results will give an idea of the chemicals present in each of the cell's parts and allow science to understand LIFE ITSELF!!! (Cue mad scientist laugh.)
"Not Even Slightly" Doctors Paul H. Fried, Abraham E. Rakoff and Robert Schopbach have done the biggest study yet of false pregnancies, or pseudocyesis, publishing in the Philadelphia Medicine. It's mostly mental, they say.
"Mice, Men and Mongolism" "Mongolian idiocy" appears in two of every thousand births. Identified eighty-five years ago, doctors disagree on the cause, with some holding out for it being evidence of "the Mongol in our midst," while "more responsible" doctors point out that it is caused by "advanced maternal age" and perhaps less obvious causes such as "exhausted womb," "ovarian disorders," "upset gland" (any gland), and even heredity. Last week, two Harvard doctors gave the most congincing explanation yet, that it is caused by an injury or shock to the fetus at eight weeks, because it is after that that the features most deformed in mongolism are formed. As to what the injury might be, the doctors speculate that it is oxygen starvation, so to prove it they put some mice in a high elevation chamber and produced mice with mongolism, to the extent that you can tell. Mainly, the doctors say, this is a message of hope, since it means that instead of blaming heredity you can blame the mother for falling down. Er, I mean, it is an environmental factor under human control.
"Nature's Way" Speaking of pregnancy, it is well known that women who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis get temporary relief from pregnancy. Now Dr. Louis W. Granirer of Queens General Hospital has theorised that it might be because there is a ACTH-like factor in the blood of pregnant women, and found some evidence for it by giving transfusions of pregnant woman blood to bedridden arthritis victims. The victims get relief, and the relapses might be less cruel or immediate than occur with hormonal treatment.
There are bedridden arthritis patients? That's horrible.
"Employers are Unanimous" The University of Denver College of Law gave a literacy exam to first year law students this year and half the class flunked. (Shades of first year engineering!) Oh, and Pasadena is absolutely riven over its new superintendent of schools, who wants an increase in school taxes and summer schools. He has even promoted Communism in the schools, in the form of a sex education section in hygiene class. Harvard University's ROTC programme has decided not to distribute the West Point-produced Time for Decision pro-ROTC comic book on the grounds that it's pretty dumb. West Point agrees that Harvard men are too smart for comics aimed at State College men.
Nice to know.
Press, Radio and Television, Art, PeopleClayton Fritchey has taken the head of public information job at the Department of Defence even though everyone says that he is dead as a doornail at the useless post that only pays $11,200/year. The press strike in Pittsburgh is over, Colonel McCormick is taking credit for GOP gains in November, and Clendenin J. Ryan is a "millionaire, amateur plitical refomer and onetime assistant to . . . Mayor LaGuardia." Funny, I would have called him a "right wing kook" even before he decided to buy The American Mercury and "revive" it. But credit where credit is due, because where other than in William Bradford Huie's inaugural column could you read that America has been stopping European strikes by paying French and Italian Communist leaders fifty grand bribes out of a slush fund raised by Secretary Forrestal. (So that was why Forrestal was isolated in hospital. Obviously, he would have talked!)
Pageant magazine has run a profile of Mrs. John Lewis among other wives of famous men who have great influence behind the scenes these days, not having been notified when she died in 1942. The AP is in trouble for biased coverage of Joe McCarthy.
Manhattan gallery director/painter and a contemporary painter named Ivon Hitchens. Time must really need to pad the page count.)
There better be a Science section this week! (Ahem. You can tell I write these out of order!)Duncan Hines, Evelyn Waugh, Margaret Chase Smith, John Nance Gardner, Francis P. Matthews, Elmer Davis, Mae West, Alfred Kinsey, J. B. Priestley and Louis Johnson are in the news for mostly no reason at all. Honourable-or-the-reverse exceptions being Russell, who was talking up a future "genetic race" between America and the Soviet Union to breed a race of supermen, and Elmer Davis, who was talking up his cat. Again, I have no idea what makes this page, apart from being old, English and obnoxious, but I do approve of General Gray the cat.
Barbara Ward has married Robert Jackson, Poor romance lady. Louis Stix Weise, Robert Holbrook Smith, Robert Kilburn Root, John H. Fahey and Bill. B. Van have died.
The New Pictures
American Guerilla in the Philippines "muffs" the chance of making a good movie out of a good story. Jackpot is a lighthearted look at how Jimmy Stewart's life is nearly ruined (as so often happens) when he wins a radio quiz show jackpot.
Felix Gilbert edits and translates the war diaries of Adolf Hitler in Hitler Directs His War. It turns out that Hitler was a pretty terrible person. Who would have thought? C. S. Forester's Randall and the River of Time is a novel by C. S. Forester with no Hornblower or naval adventures at all. Ordinarily we would just silently punish him for wandering off his subject, but since it turns out that this is a bad novel as well, we can make fun of him, too! Francis Stuart's Redemption is "overwrought and pseudo-prophetic" and also bad. John Bakeless' The Eyes of Discovery is a history of explorer days from Columbus through Lewis and Clark. Now I want to say a word about Forester and Stuart, because both of them have tried to write novels about what they actually experienced in the difficult times. Forestter is rich now, but he really did struggle through two world wars and a depression, and this is his expeirence much more than the imagined one into which he puts his hero. Meanwhile, Stuart spent the war years in Germany, expecting to join other former IRA men as satraps of the former British Empire, only to have to return to provincial Ireland, all hopes dashed at the end of the war. Considering what the Nazis turned out to be, that is a pretty big burden to bear in the middle of a big slice of humble pie. Even if the book was bad, you have to feel for him.
Or so says I.
Aviation Week, 27 November 1950
Industry Observer reports that the Marines are buying 30 more Fairchild C-119s because combining the services' transport fleets was the fashion in 1946.
someone should really do something about that. On the other hand it is not clear that the Air Force, Navy or Marines(!?) will let them do any such thing. It is hard to fly helicopters on instrument because the signal fades every time helicopter attitude changes, but the services are working on it. A new Russian turbojet is reported as giving 12,300lbs with afterburner, while Rolls Royce has the AJ-85 and AJ-500 projects, developing 8375lbs and 10,m500, respectively.
"How AIA Looks at the Excess Profits Tax" Fascinating, I'm sure. It turns out that the industry needs bigger profit margins than civilian industry because of risk or something.
"Field Service Report on C-119" Some Fairchild representatives went along with the Marine Corps' C-119s on their first combat resupply drops and found everything working out fine. I just hope it continues what with the entire Corps trapped behind enemy lines!
Washington Roundup reports that Dan Kimball might be the new Navy Secretary, that there will be a supplemental $600 million budget allocation for guided missiles, which are now going into one ship for an experimental installation. The Air Coordinating Committee is talking about a new feederliner. Here's an idea! What about a DC-3 replacement? Air mail subsidy, air force contract clarity and NSF grants and scholarships are all being reviewed to fix any problems, progress being expected overnight.
The second British research triangle-plane to appear in public is a Boulton-Paul number. The P. 111 is very small is not very sleek, looking more like some early German delta-winged designs. It has a single, underslung Nene and thin wings that should allow transonic or even supersonic speed. It has flaps, retracting undercarriage, a pitot boom and a yawmeter for the science part.
"Edge Lighting Gives Dial Clarity" Designed by P. D. Betteridge of Hawker's experimental department, this is a way to give clarity when groups of indicators have to be located next to each other on instrument panels. Instead of piped light, it uses simple reflections from dial glass. The Air Force's new AN/ARA-26 is an Emergency Keyer Unit for faster emergency broadcasts. All the pilot has to do is lift the lid and the unit starts broadcasting an SOS and the unit call sign, with an entrained dot-and-dash for distance finding.
"Apparatus Checks Jet Thermometer" The National Bureau of Standards wants everyone to know about its new apparatus for calibrating jet thermometers.
Engineering Forum has a letter from Arthur J. Droge, pointing out that while aircraft designers do their best to consider reliability, the buggy was a lot more reliable than the automobile, but that doesn't mean that it wasn't progress when the auto replaced the buggy. That was certainly worth the column space!
TWA is buying new AiResearch cabin supercharging equipment for the Constellations it is changing from 57 seat transports to 81 seat coaches.
Clipper Manufacturing offers concrete saws for sawing runways., while Detroit Janitrol has a new portable ground heater for aircraft and Lear has an instrument for finding the highest cylinder head temperature.
New Aviation Products has a double-duty servo from Electrical Engineeering and Manufacturing that can work as either a power source for manual control of the flaps or for small trimming by an automatic pilot. Clifford Mfg offers stainless steel bellows for jet engines. Duracote's new Fiberglas fabrics are used in the interior of new Air Force trainers. R and D Turnbuckles offers turnbuckle aircraft control cable connectors. They are much faster in making connections against "some tautness" than bolt-and-clevis systems and will be a boon for rigging operations.
"CAA Gets Federal's Production ILS" Who else? What the article means is that the CAA just received the first of 190 ordered. Improvements include being much less vulnerable to weather and better pilot indication.
"Scandinavian Lines Form One Company" Oh, those Scandinavians!
What's New reports on the latest edition of Harry D. Farren's Sabotage: How to Guard Against It, alongside pamphlets on calculating equivalent head winds and The Fundamentals of Steel Casting Design.
Letters is mostly about the wage determination by the CAB, but Beech gets in a thanks for the Irving Stone article on the new twin Bonanza and the president of Seaboard and Western Airlines is similarly pleased with an editorial. Don Flower of Cessna writes about the Accident Investigation Report on EAL 605, the one that collided with a P-38. He notes that the report faulted the Tower for not broadcasting the P-38's location fast enough, but he goes on to say that this is only the half of it, as it also wasn't broadcasting on a wide enough frequency in spite of many industry representations. Doing so will require the tower having the equipment to shift from all-frequency to single frequency broadcasting when traffic is high enough to warrant, but that shouldn't be impossible to a nation that can build an omnirange network.