The Alexander Young Hotel,
Flight, 17 November 1949
|The Athena comes in Merlin-, and Dart-|
powered versions for extra noise.
Engineering, 18 November 1949
"The Seventeenth Annual Conference on Navigation, Cont." The previous installment covered 12 papers given at the Conference. This one covers more! Specifically, it covers sessions on improving the speed of navigation, and on dealing with "large differences in head." So it turns out that "navigation" here means inland waterways. That out of the way, it seems as though there are national themes. So when it is the Italian turn to go on improving speed, it is all about more and better canals and canalised rivers, with considerable discussion of the latest methods of training rivers. Who is a good river? You're a good river! Whereas the Dutch and Germans want to talk about new and faster engines, mostly diesel, which are also better milers, which is always good for getting out of a light faster, or whatever they have on rivers instead. When it comes to dealing with head, the Dutch and Belgians want to talk about barge elevators, Americans about building higher walls, French about the continuing virtues of old-time locks, and a Polish professor about his crazy scheme for a lock that uses air bladders instead of water. (Which "Congreve" tried near London back in 1817, but which didn't work.)
This once, for all technical writers: Calling something "interesting" doesn't make it so. You know this. The people you have inflicted your first drafts on have been telling you this since you were a short schoolboy in long pants, or the other way around. Why do you keep saying it? Are you trying to get a laugh? Because, well, actually, never mind. It still works.
Launches and Trial Trips Four motor ships and one steamship this week. Lammermuir, Taiyuan, Lexa Maersk and Delphic are a trawler, mixed passenger-cargo, cargo and refrigerated cargo liner, respectively. Kingston Garnet is a trawler.
Engineering attended Marconi's recent demonstration on the radio control of an airport and were very impressed by the twelve-pound "walkie-talkie" which can be holstered to your leg.
Regional Notes Scotland is in the mood to apologise for steel production figures which are down from last October and barely up from September, which is unimpressive compared to England, even though the yearly production is up. By the end of the month, production is rising further due to abundant raw materials. Bars are available because of falling foreign sales, and rerollers are not completely busy. Steel plate makers are, because of demand from shipyards, but there are concerns about lack of forward orders. Coal exports hit record levels, and coal is coming forward to meet increasing industrial and domestic demands due to rising production although by the end of the month shortages reappear. The southwest sees a similar increase as miners buckle down to earn Christmas money, with steam coal exports continuing to rise through the end of the month and the business looking to the American strike to open up even more new markets, while the tinplate business is looking up. South Yorkshire is seeing the effects of brownouts, and also a "go slow" campaign by steelworkers in the first half of the month. However, production is high, and a more serious problem is a shortage of skilled labour as retirements take their toll, and a lack of new apprentices due to the fact that they can make more money in well-paid unskilled jobs. The factories are using more DPs to compensate, especially tool factories, which are very busy at the end of the month. Coal output is up. Cleveland and the Northern Counties are still doing good business but is anxious about future contracts due to rising continental competition, expected to get fiercer when the Baltic thaws. In contrast to Scotland, these fears are abating by the end of the month. Iron ore is still in demand.
|It wouldn't look like this if the Romans had a copy of the Rubber Handbook|
Systems of Limits and Fits for Locomotives" Engineering clarifies the article at the beginning of the paper by saying the same thing all over again.
|I guess he finally learned better with the Victor? A bit late!|
W. Taylor, who is the head of the gas turbine division of the Modern School of Engineering Sciences[?], has done a back-of-the-envelope calculation that shows that the jet-propelled cargo ship described in M. Watson's recent paper would need a 70ft diameter pipe. W. T. and Avery, Ltd, is dismayed by Professor Matheson of Farnborough's criticism of their 30 ton universal testing machine for not being standardised enough or something. Their point is that the 30 tonners are good enough for most work, and when it comes to the kinds of things that Farnborough does, like test the limits of 90t tensile limit steel or entire ship or airframe structures, you really can't standardise, so why bother trying? A. C. Vivian writes to call out Gilbert Cook for misunderstanding how steel stretches in his Presidential Address to the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders of Scotland, which also heard Watson's goofy paper about jet-propelled ships.
O. L. Prowde, who spent most of his career building dams and irrigation works in Egypt, although popping back to Jolly Old to argue for the Great Ouse flood abatement scheme, has died. So has P. J. Waldram, a consulting engineer with a practice specialising in daylight, Henry Deck, who sold farm equipment for Ransomes, and Professor Meyerberg, who emigrated from Nazi Germany in 1933 at the age of 43, and worked in Britain for the rest of his career, from 1941 on the staff of Engineering Digest. Prowde and Waldram both made it to 80, but three obituaries does still make it a sickly season for old engineers.
The Iron and Steel Institute concerned itself this month with a special session on the flow of gasses in model furnaces.
"The International Association for Hydraulic Structures Research, Cont." Just in case you couldn't get enough of international meetings on the subject of thingies in water. The main burden of the conference was port structures, or in one case weirs in inlets, but surge tanks and sewer systems were also heard from. Or about, as perhaps no news from sewer systems is good news.
Labour Notes The first two thirds of the notes are devoted to everyone agreeing that everyone should moderate wage demands because of inflation before finally arriving at some news, which is that unemployment rose abruptly from 267,000 to 300,000 in the last month, compared to a rise of only 7000 in the month before. But the work force increased by 25,000, which is less than 10th of a percent, but still an increase. Engineering got 7000, textiles got 6000, chemicals got 3000, while the collieries loss 4000, with the remainder presumably going to parasitic, unworthy jobs in retail and services.
R. E. Tricker, "Metals Used in Clock and Instrument Manufacture" Ii don't really feel up to summarising this four page article about all the brasses, steels and other metals used to make all sorts of components such as springs and escapements and cogs and so on.
"Air-Operated Tyre Fitting Machine" Messrs. Harvey Frost and Company have come up with a way of mechanising the fitting of inner tubes and covers to auto-mobiles.
"Information Services of the Royal Society" Engineering was reporting on the annual conference just the other day, I think I recall. Anyway, something came up, specifically the fact that with all of these new photo-copiers around these days, scientists were making personal copies of library articles, and this is technically illegal under the copyright act. So the Service has pronounced a "Fair Use" principle according to which you can make copies if you don't go overboard. I'd give you more exact details, but it would constitute proof that I've read the article and am knowingly breaking the law in the law library every afternoon. Which I'm not. I swear! (Glumph glumph as Ronnie eats the incriminating copy of "Argle vs. Bargle.")
Notes on New Books notes the new edition of Young and Morrison's Structural Problems in Steel and Timber and explains why students can't get away with used copies of the old edition. F. R. Storie's Organic Chemistry for Engineering Students is his lecture notes done up in a book, and is very lucid and useful. G. H. Lewis' Factory Steam Plant is a newer and better textbook on same for the new age of expensive coal, and not at all an extended advertising brochure for equipment the author likes.
"Dust Controlling Grinding Machine" Murad Developments has a very nice machine where the driveshaft of the grinding wheel also operates a vacuum that sucks out the dust produced by the grinding. The air is then passed through a filter before being used to cool the motor.
Time, 21 November 1949
Judge Medina, Captain Crommelin, Cardinal Mindszenty, Ralph Bunche, Edwin Nourse, Stafford Cripps, Tito, Robert Taft, Admiral Denfield and Albert Schweitzer are proposed as Men of the Year. Upton Sinclair is appalled that while South Pacific will take in $5 million at the box office, the speculators that backed it will take in $8 million. J. F. Pariso and Ralph E. Dunkel gives a farmer's and a man-in-the-street's defence of the Brennan Plan, while David Porter of Clinton, New York and S. L. Worsley of Scottsboro, Alabama, give an anti-price guarantee position from a farmer's and an Alabaman perspective. R. S. Boggs of the University of North Carolina points out that while Edward L. Dohenny intended to name his company "relatives" in Spanish, it's actually a rude word and a bit of a boner. Readers are divided on whether John Dewey is the best educational reformer ever, or the spiritual parent of a generation of "sloppy-minded youngsters who can neither read nor write."
Our Publisher wants us to know that the Time Recipe Book is out. All tested in the kitchen of Mrs. Florence Arfmann. (Which is a real name.) Avocado ice cream! Raw fish soaked overnight in lime juice!
"Stand for Something" The GOP is a bit shell shocked after its heavy defeats in New York, especially after setting up the Senate race as a referendum on the Fair Deal. Some say that a defeat for Internationalist John Dulles is a victory for the Midwestern wing of the party, while others say that it shows that the GOP needs to develop a platform that goes beyond opposition to the Administration. Time prefers the views of re-elected Governor Driscoll of New Jersey, who points out that there's nothing wrong about "me-tooism" if it is "me-tooism" in support of the right things.The Republican Party needs to take its stand against the bad things in the President's platform, such as socialised medicine. Further on the theme, the President hosted Democratic Party kingmakers at a very happy victory party on election day, as Democrats won practically everywhere except New Jersey. In California, voters rolled back the state old age pension scheme, while in Virginia and Texas, voters defeated attempts to get rid of the poll tax by large majorities, undermining the argument that the best way to advance civil rights is to leave it to the states. In Ohio, Senator Taft is pushing a "Massachusetts-style" ballot that will gain the Republicans a hundred thousand votes by, basically, confusing the voters. Also, Julius Krug, embattled over corruption scandals, has resigned. The Associated Press has done a back-of-the-envelope calculation showing that the federal payroll is over $10 billion, that six of every 100 workers are in the pay of the US government, and that the Government payroll alone costs taxpayers $227 a year. The Crommelin saga has ended not in a court martial, but a stiff letter of reprimand that means he will not reach flag rank, and, in fact, should retire next year. Washington's detachments of the Shore Patrol, MPs and Air Police will be merged next year into the Armed Services Police Department. John Lewis is in trouble with coal miners, while Cyrus Ching has negotiated an end to the steel strike and given up on coal.
In more slice of life news, a shooting at Ohio State University is national news, Congress estimates that more than 8 million American families had incomes less than $1000 last year, and that almost a third of the nation was under $2000. Wisconsinites drank the most beer in the nation last year, 30 gallons, and 11 year old Artie Briggs managed to sneak aboard a TWA Constellation to fly to Los Angeles, and made it to St. Louis before being caught.
"Traffic Jam" Everyone is talking about Germany again because times are tough in Berlin. My summary of the late foreign ministers' meeting. Dean Acheson gets good marks in Germany for saying nice things about the country. Andrei Vishinsky spells off by being mean, instead. He is also in trouble with Time for being an awful hypocrite about atomic bombs now that Russia actually has one, and everyone thinks that Russia's claim to be developing atomic bombs for peaceful uses such as blowing up inconvenient mountains is ridiculous. Because it is.
"Towards Recognition" The State Department wants to recognise the Chinese Communists on the thin grounds that they run the country. But President Truman is digging in his heels, as he doesn't like Communists. The British, along with the Indians and Australians, will recognise the Communist government by year's end, but America wants to see how the Koumintang blockade works out, first, and whether the presence of American diplomats "inhibits" Chinese communist hi-jinks. So far, it doesn't seem so.
"To the Rescue" Time is appalled at the way that the Chinese are treating Angus Ward. Still. More importantly, so is the New York Times, which is good, because quoting it is better than looking like Time being Time. In a similar vein, Ambassador Briggs has secured the release of Samuel Meryn. Since that is Czechoslovakian news, we follow with the Czech Catholic Church's latest surrender to the Communist, which Time thinks is too much surrendering, while the Communists think that it isn't enough. Also, in Sweden, Senator Elmer Thomas is on junket, and having a fine old time complaining about how assorted Europeans aren't nearly grateful enough for Marshall aid, which has the Swedish press out of joint.
"The Lonely Election" Time is worried that the elections in the Philippines aren't democratic enough.
"Coup" The Chinese Communist seizure of assorted Koumintang airliners gets a longer treatment here that emphasises that some of the fleet is grounded at Kai Tak, and that the British won't let the Koumintang take them back; and that the American pilots are divided, with CNAC pilots willing to fly for any official Chinese government, while CATC is inclined to the Koumintang. Our new friend, General Chennault, is offering jobs to airmen of "proven loyalty." Also, Haile Selassie has celebrated his 19th year on the throne, and Time gets to Marshal Rokossovsky's appointment as Polish defence minister. Time thinks that he is far too aristocratic and not nearly Polish enough.
"Man in the Wings" And speaking of marshals and generals, how about that de Gaulle? l'Epoque is reporting that Georges Bidault has entered into a secret electoral compact with the General, while General Bedell Smith's memoirs of his time as ambassador to Moscow get a full page treatment.
"Unavoidable Delay" A nice bit of human interest to underline German industrial delay: Wagner and Lange's, a razor manufacturer in Solingen, just filled a paid 1939 order from Charles Liddy of Castleblayney, Ireland, with a note apologising for the "unavoidable delay."
Down Latin America way, where the nights are gay and the sun smiles gently on the mountain top, a half century of constitutional government is at an end with a Conservative coup against the Liberal majority in Congress, accompanied by widespread political fighting in the countryside where the dead are counted in "thousands." While in Lima, Peru, a beauty contest almost degenerated into a private showing of the bathing-suited contestants before the judges, until the Archbishop of Lima stepped in. The winner has black hair and flashing eyes, and a grandfather whose estate included two million dollars in cold coins. Truly, beauty is in the eye of the (be)holder. In Havana, government workers were given the day off to rally in support of the President's decision to borrow two million American dollars to pay for this and that. And in Canada a disgraceful nude statue shocked Montreal.
. . . So, anyway, perhaps you can see why, when The Economist covered the coup in Colombia, it worried that Americans aren't taking the anti-democratic drift in South America seriously enough.
"Fool's Gold" Speculators have been driving up the price of gold on the merry supposition that the official price was sure to go up. John Snyder said not, but who believes the silly old Treasury Secretary? Now the President has said the same, and the price of Homestake Mining accordingly fell 3 1/2 points.
"No Bones Broken" The end of the strikes saw American industrial production for October down only 6% compared with the 11 1/2% the Federal Reserve warned about, and in spite of temporary layoffs in Detroit, employment is well up along with retail, which is finding inventories too lean, again. GM is handing out the biggest cash dividend in US history, which is occasion to point out that Ford is family held, so we have no idea how much money is behind its two dividend payments.
The A and P is carrying on a press campaign against the Justice Department over its antitrust campaign. Meanwhile, du Pont, in trouble over its monopoly on cellophane, has been trying to drum up a competitor, which has finally emerged in the form of Olin Industries, which will be sold licenses to all du Pont cellophane patents at knock-down-take-them-away prices so that it can branch out of ammunition and into the crinkly transparent stuff, which it will make in a du Pont-designed factory, once du Pont has trained its staff. Wall Street would be gaga, if it weren't that Olin is family-owned, all shares divided between brothers John and Spencer Olin; which makes the company gross and profit a family secret. Interestingly, the Olins and du Ponts have each owned 49% of Equitable Powder Manufacturing Company, which, in turn, sells America its blasting powder and dynamite through three wholly-owned subsidiaries.
|A link to the Wikipedia article on the John M. Olin Foundation for your convenience|
"Theodora's Tap" While I'm a state away from Hollywood, I am close enough to tell you that Time's take on bottled water, that it is a "mark of class" down in LA, is spot on. Now, Theodora Getty is branching out from crooning to sell "Hereford water." Hereford is the town where teeth never decay, due to the flouride in the country water, and she has sewn up commercial rights to the city's water, and leased a 10,000 gallon tanker car to take it to Hollywood at $1100 a trip. Stars who buy at $1.25 for the 5 gallon bottle include Bogart, Crosby and Hope, and she hopes to expand through the Western states and then nationwide.
"Rocking Empire" Time's coverage of the disastrous news out of the Rank Organisation points out that it has lost almost $10 million making movies in 1949, and might have to stop making movies entirely in June of 1950. Time puts the blame on the 40% entertainment tax that has funnelled $25 million into the Rank Organisation alone, "draining the industry's lifeblood" through the box office. Michael Foot modestly suggests nationalising the industry.
Science, Medicine, Education
"Can Civilisation Survive?" Vannevar Bush's Modern Arms and Free Men is coming out next week, so it's time to hit the press. Ever since WWI, war has been about science and factories, not men. That led to "submarines, airplanes and the new pursuit of electronic miracles," and then, finally, atomic energy. Just to pick out a theme here, Bush keeps returning to "electronic miracles." Radar and sonar appear on a list of wonder weapons ahead of the V-1, which "might well have stopped the Normandy invasion" and the usual assortment of rocket guns before he moves rapidly on to the schnorkel submarine and its long-range homing torpedoes that can be fired "from a point well beyond the earshot of sonar." Nazi ingenuity is now in Russian hands. Then a paragraph break, before the atom bomb finally reappears. "The Cancelled Carrier" gets a column break so that Bush's opinion of the Revolt of the Admirals can be summarised, after which we move on to his conclusion that the great fleets and air sea battles of WWII won't recur due to the guided bomb, guided missile and proximity fuze. Ominously, "Cancelled Carrier" is followed by "The Cancelled Bomber," on the grounds that the ramjet missile will be able to shoot down the highest-flying, fastest bomber, very soon.
So, will the next war be resolved by fleets of intercontinental bombers dropping atom bombs? Perhaps not. The atom bomb is not as devastating as popularly supposed, and "the cost of manufacturing and of delivering it would be so vast that they might well exhaust a nation before it had struck a winning blow," and Bush thinks you should not underestimate defences against it. The Germans did not get 5% of the way there, and the time of a Russian bomb is long away. Oops! On the other hand, America might strangle itself with the welfare state.
So if I had to pick a theme out of here, it's not exactly a subtle one. Vannevar Bush is a great deal more concerned with "electronic miracles" than with big, weapons that go boom. Submarines are a threat to be countered by better sonar; aircraft carriers and bombers are to be countered by guided weapons; interceptors to be made effective with better radar. I better not tell Uncle George, or his head will swell three sizes!
"Poles Apart" Admiral Peary's claim to have discovered the North Pole has been criticised many times, most recently by dear Professor Hubbard, who was willing to face off every gunman in the Koumintang for us that night in 1946, reports that the air force used loran to find the Pole and then sent out the air force to look at it, and it is a "nightmare jigsaw puzzle of ice floes that Peary couldn't have crossed if his life depended on it.
"War Booty" Professor Gerhard Domagk, discoverer of the sulfa drugs, had one more trick up his sleeve as war closed in on international medical cooperation: Tibione, a member of the thiosemicarbazone chemicals, new to medicine and unrelated to the antibiotics, but effective against tuberculosis. Now, Drs. H. Corwin Hinshaw of Stanford and Walsh McDermott of New York Hospital-Cornell have fetched it back to America as, well, the title. Hinshaw and McDermott see it as a supplement to streptomycin, as it is ineffective against generalised tuberculosis and most effective against tuberculous laryngitis and enteritis. It is more toxic than streptomycin, but the patient recovers rapidly, and it can be used in a four-dose-a-day course for years at a time. Since the patents were seized as enemy property during the war, any American factory can make it, and it will soon be tried on thousands to determine its effectiveness against pulmonary tuberculosis.
"Science vs. the Cold" In a report summarising a three year study, Dr. Christopher Howard Andrews summed up just how little science knows about this simple disease. In spite of using concentrated distillations of nose-drippings (EWW!!!), the study was unable to infect more than 55% of volunteers. Dr. Andrews concludes that cold infects when people receive even a small dose at moment when their defences are low. But he has no idea when that is. It's not when you are cold or have wet feet --he studied that. He'd study more, but even "the most eminent men of science" lose all sense when they get a cold, so there you go. Uncle George prescribes hot rum punch, for what it's worth.
Art, Press, Radio and Television, People
Tsuguharu Foujita is the name on everyone's lip after his show open in Manhattan. World War II must be over; Foujita's back! Also, Francis Bacon took a break from destroying his own canvasses to have a show.
New Orleans, and the New Orleans Item were taken in by a fake German prince who married a rich old maid, always a good story, while Editor Erwin Canham of the Christian Science Monitor is concerned that American newspapers and radio stations aren't doing a good job of covering national and international affairs, while Aubrey Williams' success in turning around Southern Farmer shows that Birmingham, Alabama secretly yearns for a good, liberal paper. As for Communist papers, Laurence Todd has been demoted as Washington bureau chief of Tass, because the agency wanted an actual Russian in charge.
"Non-Party Line" There's a telephone news service in Berlin that is free from the party line, while Arthur Godfrey is upset that his listeners prefer Bill Lawrence to the cool jazz stylings of Wendell Peacock, summoned to the studio to explain "atomic energy and fission, nuclear fission and all those things."
Lady Astor is upset that there is too much sex about in this modern "striptease age." Admiral Halsey was in Walter Reed for cataract surgery, Ava Gardner is sick and tired of posing for cheesecake, Judge Medina is tired of adulation from the masses, Countess Ciano is going to be woman's section editor of Insieme,, Nehru is not tired of the adulation of the masses, Vice President Barkley is coping with a tough pre-wedding week along with his bride-to-be, Mrs. Carleton S. Hadley, and Dr. Frances Everett Townsend, campaigner for old age pensions, is tired out after watching his grandson for a week. Tommy Dorsey has had a girl, Darryl Zanuck's daughter has had a wedding, Russell Weisman, Clarence Owens, William Baskett, Clyde Martin Reed and Walter Runciman have died.
The New Pictures
Time is appalled by Chicago Deadline's "anti-male message." Apparently, tracking down the murderer of a young girl found dead on the tracks with a thick black book only to find that the city is full of wolves on the hunt is some kind of blast against the monstrous regimen of men. I mean, the fact that I can lift a literal translation of John Knox's little page turner out of the most conservative of my five Chinese-English dictionaries ought to tell you something! Although "[Alan] Ladd's paralyzed imitation of Alan Ladd" is a good line. On the other hand, The Big Wheel has "cyclonic energy and pace" and "juvenile vigour." It may be no match for 1932's The Crowd Roars, but they knew how to make movies back then (Tell me more, Grandpa!), but Mickey Rooney throws punches, drains bottles, and, oh, yes, wins races like anyone's business.
Eleanor Roosevelt's memoirs are out, and as much as I worship the ground Mrs. Roosevelt walks on, it isn't for her writing, so, thank you, I'll pass. Some pretty strong hints that she was aware of Lucy Rutherfurd, though. Ahem. Yes, for a very serious young women of the very highest intellectual attainment, I do spend too much time reading the gossip. Why do you ask? Other women being out and in the open, time to move on to Alberto Moravia's The Woman of Rome, a bit of a sensation thanks to Moravia's reputation. Continuing to comb the strands of the foreign transom (mixed metaphor alert!), it's Five Novels of Ronald Firbank, an omnibus edition of yet another author who is willing to be an American's idea of what he is supposed to be, if that makes any sense. (He liked boys.) Then it is back to America for William Faulkner's Knight's Gambit, which is a collection of Faulkner's Yoknapatawpha detective fiction, which isn't really a genre that anyone needed.
Flight, 24 November 1949
"Jet Awakening" Flight is very, very smug about how far ahead Britain is in the jet field, and how the silly Americans don't even realise that they are at the edge of the bottomless precipice of jagged rocks.
L. G. Griffiths, "Ships and Flying Ships: Ocean Liners and Marine Aircraft Compared: A Study in Progress" Griffiths, a retired Lieutenant Commander, has some kind of point to make, but it is buried at the end of an long introduction belabouring the history of Atlantic liners over the last century or so that has my eyes rolling back in my head.
Here and There
De Havilland is now talking prices and delivery for Comets. Lancasters joined the lesser folks' fun in bombing Malayan Communist "terrorists." Lucky Lady II, the round-the-world B-50A is reported to have burned 56,000 gallons in its round-the-world flight. There haven't been enough news stories saying exactly the same thing about the Ryan Firebird air-to-air missile, so here's another one. The Hercules 650 has been cleared to run 1000 hours between overhauls, and a Douglas C-74 is part of the USAF trans-Atlantic airlift that is the largest airlift ever. The 1951 Exhibition will have numerous airminded features. Admiral Slattery of Shorts hosted a luncheon for the crew of the Sunderland that landed by Amethyst during the crisis. The Air Force's Convair T-29, a mercy purchase of 240s, is getting some air time. It has four astrodomes, 18 radio antenna and a single radome. I ordinarily ignore the Forty Years Back feature because it's almost as irrelevant as News from the Clubs, but this one features the "Vuitton-Huber helicopter," just to show that people have been working on helicopters for a long, long time. And it appeared at the Paris Air Show, which has also been going on for a long, long time!
"R. Aux. A. F. Squadrons Re-Equipped" Two squadrons of the Auxiliaries have nice new hats to go with their Vampires.
"Aerodynamic Cleanness: Precis of a Lecture to the R Ae. S. by E. J. Richards" It seems a bit obvious that clean design is important, but the actual meat of the lecture was evidently a discussion of radical attempts to achieve cleanness with laminar flow, flying wings, boundary layer suction, forward slots and tailless designs. The flying wing seems to have some potential.
"Crop-Dusting in South Africa" It happens.
"Forging the Air Weapon: A Precis of a Lecture to the RUSI by Sir Frederick Handley Page, Part II" James is pretty firm that Handley Page's "production centred" approach was a disastrous mistake that produced overweight bombers. That said, after a good page and a half of blither, Sir Frederick gets into photo-lofting, which sounds like a very interesting way of going directly from loft layout to production without intermediary drafting work.
|Forty-five minutes coast-to-coast! Not counting time wasted waiting for the paramedics to roll the victims out before you|
disembark. If you're wondering about the rest, this month's Natural History magazine is pine-scented.
"Research by Rocket" I guess the Handley Page article ran short, because Flight inserts the same story about the USAF firing off German V-2s for research that you've heard a million times before in the last three years. Even the following Dowty catalogue entry on its new C. 1224Y miniature undercarriage position indicator is more interesting.
C. B. Bailey-Watson, "Naval Night Fighters: Men, Machines and Modus Operandi of No. 809 Squadron, Naval Aviation" It is nice to see Miss (Mrs.?) Bailey-Watson getting something besides a corporate pr-rewrite and polish job. The Admiralty wants a night fighter squadron. It first experimented with a Firefly, which Reggie thinks is a bit hot for the job, at least as a single seater. The RN must have drawn the same conclusion, because it soon raised a night fighter/night strike squadron in a modified twin-seat Sea Hornet. The squadron had previously been raised as a Swordfish unit, and flew at Taranto, and its commander is out of the Royal Marines, although he has been a naval aviator for most of his career. The squadron has done plenty of deck training, but hasn't actually gone to sea, for various reasons, of which I suspect the whole "letting the smoke out" problem is the main one. They need their radar for strike navigation as well as air interception.
Civil Aviation News
The MCA has been asked to look into the high landing fees at London Airport compared with Brussels, Amsterdam and especially Paris. Various Americans are optimistic that they will be able to catch up with the British in spite of the shock of Farnborough. Caledonia, etc. The major airlines saw the Marconi demonstration of radio control of ground operations at London Airport and was very impressed.
"BEA's Recovery: Current Economy Measures: Results Already Apparent" Lord Douglas lays out the basis of BEA's recovery to profitability in great detail. The question remains whether it will be able to maintain it after devaluation, but it hopes for increasing American traffic to compensate for the lower revenues. Every American fare is, after all, an "invisible export." KLM's report is less brilliant but just as optimistic, although they're afraid of being kicked out of Indonesia. Ankara is to have the world's largest airport, and Shoreham Airport is no longer scheduled for nationalisation, while the MCA has told Brighton Council that it is releasing Brighton Airport from requisition. The last Argonaut, Arion, has been delivered to BOAC eight months ahead of schedule. The Koumintang's airlines have been suffering defections, as ten Commandoes and a brand new Convair join the vanguard of the proletariat.
"Holland's Jet Trainer" Fokker's latest effort is a jet trainer, which leaves enough room for the new Murex heavy duty ground starter that has been firing up the Comet in its trials.
"Freighter-Fertiliser: Suggested Employment of the Bristol 170 of Phosphate Distribution" The RNZAF has been experimenting with literally top-dressing hilly pasture with phosphates using Grumman Avengers. It's been succesful enough that it has been proposed that the Bristol 170 be modified to do it for real. Fifteen freighters might service 750,000 acres within 50 miles of the air base, with one plane doing 420 acres a day.
"Two Notable Books" Destiny Can Wait is the story of the Polish aircrew who served in the RAF during the war, most notably in the Battle of Britain. Published by the Polish Air Force Association, it is a good reminder to everyone who wants to keep D.P.s out. And if you're wondering why this isn't under a Book heading, it is because Frederick Pile's Ack-Ack is too important for that. The combination memoirs/ wartime history of AA Command it deserves its own heading. Besides its wartime record, Flight calls our attention to Pile's belief that radar-controlled guns with proximity fuzes would have accounted for 10% of V-2 rockets had the war continued another year. Finally, Pile puts in a plea for an AA Command ribbon.
G. Heilig is quick off the mark at the rumours that Transport Command is to be abolished, recommending that the work be handed off to the charter industry. J. R. Anderson thinks that RAE employees should be allowed to patent their inventions rather than let the profits fall to the companies that produce Farnborough's designs. It seems fair, but it is an old, old argument. "Ex-Nine-Ack Fitter" recalls the old days, before the war. "Aeolus" points out that helicopters really aren't big enough for cargo or passenger service yet, but they're certainly good for lifesaving, and the recent death of that marooned French sailor from last week, because no helicopter was ready in time, is evidence that the MCA isn't doing enough about it. There should be a full rescue helicopter squadron on standby before they are hived off for crop dusting and the night mails. P. L. Burke read John Yoxall's history of 600 Squadron and recalls the old days, during the war.
Engineering, 25 November 1949
T. Westerdijk and E. C. Lantzhuis, "A Theory of Atmospheric Burners" Atmospheric burners are when gas is blown into a burner charged with regular atmosphere or maybe an air stream, and burned. The authors lay out a theory to predict behaviour.
D. T. Chalmers has written a fine book about Historical Researches: Episodes in the History of Physical and Chemical Discovery. Unfortunately, it is a fine book originally published as articles between 1944 and 1948. In The Engineer! The Engineer! It was full of amateurs and poseurs when Engineering broke off with it in 1884, and it still is! It is no surprise that Engineering's reviewer knows all the facts better than Chalmers and is at hand to explain why the mistakes are important. Still, for the reader of The Engineer, inclined to "dally pleasantly in the past," and needing help to "appreciate the importance of the moment," it'll do. Claus G. Goetzel's Treatise on Powder Metallurg. Volume I, Technology of Metal Powders and Their Products covers the field since the development of powder metallurgy a few years before the war. Since there has been a whole rash of publications on the subject, full of rah-rah hype and Hollywood tinsel, Engineering's heart sinks at the very thought of a weighty tome, with two more promised. But it turns out to be a good book with a great section on sintering. Someday, powder metallurgy will be a science instead of a convenient way of making small parts.
The Iron and Steel Institute
This week's installment features discussions of boron steel and the iron-nickel system. Boron is an element related to carbon, which is already added to steel. Experiments have shown that boron increases steel's hardenability, so United Steel has been doing experiments with boron steels to find out what else it can do. The ideal is a weldable plate steel with a yield strength greater than 30 tons per square inch, and adding boron to molybdenum steel is easy from a production stand point and looks promising. However, it can only be added to fully killed steel, which reduces the furnace yield, and would probably contaminate returned scrap metal. There are also some chemical problems involving interaction with nitrogen and the use of boronic acid as the ladle additive. The papers on the nickel iron system are basically about producing one of those super-complicated phase diagrams that they have for steel, only for alloys of nickel, iron, and sometimes other metals. It is pretty tricky, because the structure is so much more complicated. X-rays can help. Which is just one of those things that D. T. Chalmers missed!
"The 17th International Navigation Conference, Cont" What did those crazy canaliers get up to now? The first session reported this week was devoted to flow from storage reservoirs. Storage reservoirs are big old lakes they dam up behind dams, dunh, although sometimes also barrages. You can let water out to improve navigation (no water, no navigation!), prevent floods, irrigate fields, or even produce electric power. All those aspects and more are covered in the course of many, many papers. But that's hardly enough excitement for one issue of Engineering, so room is found for another session, on the regulation of natural and artificial estuaries. I'd always thought of estuaries as those slightly-slimy stretches of water and mud near the coast that are full of grass and trees and snakes, but it turns out that they are defined as those parts of a waterway subject to tidal action, so sea-level canals qualify, which is where the "artificial" estuaries come in; and it also means that instead of worrying about mud and grass and snakes, the canaliers are worrying about the math of tides and the digging-out of channels. Pooh! And not the kind of pooh you get when your town's sewers empty out into an estuary, either.
"The Building Exhibition at Olympia"
"The Single-Screw Cargo Ship Wanstead" You know Engineering is out of material for the month when it steals entries from Launches and Trial Trips for feature articles. As it's a motorship, it doesn't even have an elaborate new steam system, just a standard Doxford diesel built by Scott. Most of the article is devoted to the accommodaions, which are very nice compared with other freighters, because it is so hard to get crew these days.
Launches and Trial Trips Eight motorships and just one steamer. Stability, Lockwood, British Ardour, La Sierra, Harry Richardson, Janus, Thorshavn and Wanganui are all single screw cargo or tanker vessels except a collier and Wanganui, which is a dredge hopper for New Zealand. SS Gadinia is a two-screw bulk tanker with an old fashioned triple expansion engine.
|Maxwell is one seriously obscure guy. I guess it is because it's|
an obscure era. Valiant has the first all-British reactor, but that's
because work on the postwar reactor was cancelled in '52.
I wonder who carried the can for that?
Personal It's official. James' great rival has triumphed. The Honourable D. C. Maxwell is Engineer Vice-Admiral of the Fleet in succession to Denys Ford. Its a bit sad to see your son's greatest ambition acknowledged as the second item in the Personal column, after Lord Cunliffe's latest chairmanship and right above Arthur Smout receiving an honourary in a South African society, but maybe he'll invent something useful to society, like glue-on brassieres and become famous for that.
"Traction on British Railways" Way back in 1937, Sir Nigel Gresley surveyed the rail situation for the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, noting how Britain was falling behind the Continent in the field of high speed rail service. He explained that the reason was the sheer density of British services, and predicted that these difficulties would be overcome and that there would be fast, single-class rail service between London and the other major centres in the medium future. The war, and the persisting labour shortage caused by national defence(!) has prevented this prediction from coming true. At the same time, between the labour shortage and the coal shortage, there has been continuing pressure to cut local services, shunt lines and small stations, clearing many of the obstacles to Gresley's vision away. Now, in a speech to the Transportation Institution, Sir Eustace Messenden sees progress about to resume. The first cause is the spread of electrification, the second of the likely triumph of the diesel. Right, now British Rail spends £85 million on steam locomotives, £25 million on diesel, but the maintenance burden is £16 million on steam, £1.4 million on diesel. Steam locomotives burn about 700 tons of coal a year, at a price that has tripled since the war. Electrification is a way around that, to the extent that power plants can use inferior grades of coal, but the costs of full electrification per the Weir report are excessive and it should be shelved for now. Full electrification will come in its own good time. Future services will have to be faster, on lighter trains, so that freight can be have guaranteed next day delivery.
Dr. A. Parker has given the 36th annual Thomas Hawksley Lecture to the IME, on the subject of "World Energy Resources and Their Utilisation," It's really mostly about coal, since all the other energy sources pale in comparison to established coal reserves. It's the 400th anniversary of the Savile Professorship at Oxford, so Oxford wants to remind us of all the famous Savilians, and this is the place to do that. The Budapest bridge, which is a faithful replica of the Nineteenth Century original, except, you know, modern, has reopened. So never say that the Communists can't accomplish things! (Hopefully they're not nearly as good at driving tank spearheads to the Rhine.) There's to be yet another display of engineering products, and Sir Arthur Smout of wide renown (it's a real name) was in the chair at the Institute of Metals when it heard an interesting paper on the use of electron microscopes in metallurgy.
A. R. I. writes a very long letter disputing W. J. Duncan's more extreme claims for the utility of dimensional analysis. He is perfectly correct as far as he argues that attention to the reduction of differential equations to dimensionless quantities like the Reynolds Number greatly simplifies them. But when he argues that dimensional analysis can provide insight into the solutions to differential equations that currently can't be solved mathematically, he goes too far. W. T. Marshall, of the Engineering School at Dundee, writes in to describe a method for salvaging used strain gauges developed by the department's senior technician, R. J. Linton.
Lord Kelvin's tide calculation machine. It just amazes me that when we're talking about how computers might be able to think like humans, we are talking about machines where the guts of some of the most successful ones hitherto are three bars flexibly linked together. Anyway, when your waves are running over sea grass into gravel past mud through wired aggregate, you need to modify your three links! "Transport of Material" turns out to be about silk and junk being carried by the water, and not, you know, barges. Once again there is some interest in the material of the beds, so I guess that's the frontier of hydraulic structure research. It figures. We can pave airfields, build bigger roads, why not better bottoms?
A. Parker, "World Energy Resources and Their Utilisation" It is amazing to look back on the changes wrought by a mere 250 years. At the beginning of that period, a population of 7 million Britons used about 3 million tons of coal. Even since 1900, the population of Britain has risen by some 13 millions to more than 50 millions (I missed that memo! The last number I recall hearing was 46), and the population of the Earth to more than 2.2 billion, likely to be more than 3.6 billion in 2000 at the current rate. The world might be able to support 4 billion people or 9 billion, it's hard to tell. The one thing for sure is that there will be coal for all of them for many years to come. Tables follow, showing that currently Britain has 200 years of coal at 231 million tons a year, that North America has a huge proportion of known coal reserves, which almost certainly reflects better surveying, which means taht when Asia and Africa are fully surveyed, we'll be absolutely swimming in coal. Coal, coal, as far as the eye can see!
|Pictured: The road from Sydney to that other city in|
Australia; silly British gadget; A Land-Rover being
tested. Wait. That's not silly at all!
Correspondents detect grammatical errors in a quote from The Economist and "doctoring" of John L. Lewis' eyebrows in a photograph. Newsweek rejects both imputations against a free and impartial press. Concerning the supposed lost city of Peshawarun, H. M. Kirik notes that there are more than a few lost cities along the course of the Helmand, having found another while doing oil industry business there, and noting that, since it is located on an abandoned bed of the river, there's really no mystery about how it came to be displaced. Now I regret missing the original story! Oh, well, it's not like an ancient lost city right next door to modern Peshawar will just disappear from the news forever. Lois Ann Sweenson detects an error in the 17 October "book report" about A.B. Guthrie's The Way West, which I seem to recall we encountered in Time. Newsweek clarifies. Ben Burns and William Cernock both find errors in the article on Ebony that are harder to s hake off. Lots of people write in about Vice-President Barkley's marriage, even the one obligatory sourpuss who finds it too "trivial" to cover.
The Periscope reports that there will be an atom bomb test at Eniwetok next year, that Chapman is taking over at Interior with Krug's departure, and Davidson, upset, will go back to Oregon to challenge Wayne Morse. Dr. L. A. Dubridge will be the next head of the Research and Development Board, and that John F. Holberg is the early favourite to be the next Under-Secretary of the Air Force. The Brannan Plan is still on, the AEC is to receive a report on atom bomb shelters from the American Institute of Architects, the UN is all in a flutter over atomic control again, Eisenhower is thinking about leaving his job as President of Columbia because it is too much work when he is trying to run for President (shh, it's a secret!) at the same time. The AEC's long promised book about atomic-weapon effects is being held up by censors, the Shah of Iran gave Mrs. Roosevelt a nice carpet, all Soviet Jews with family connections to the United States were recently deported from the Black Sea region, Peru may soon open up its Amazon region to foreign oil companies. "Military men" are concerned that Formosa will fall to the Communists before long and "flank . . . centres of US strength." US aid to Indonesia will go before Congress in January, as Indonesia needs money to get food to workers as an "incentive" for them to produce more tin, oil and rubber. The Poles have threatened to deport some Western correspondents if they aren't nicer to poor Marshal Rokossovsky. Russian production for last year is expected to exceed 1940, its best previous year. The youngest brother of the Emperor of Japan is reported to have embarked on a "concentrated study of Hebrew." Moscow won't tell the French Communists to follow the party line, because they'll just ignore it, and it is also not blowing up mountains with atom bombs when dynamite and convict labour will do.
Agriculture is still having trouble getting rid of Brannan Plan surplusses, with the India wheat-for-manganese deal falling through. Future X-planes might use solid fuel in their rocket boosters to go faster. The currently most exciting possibility for a new lightweight fuel is boron, "a product of borax." Well, you could put it that way! It being related to carbon on the Table of Elements, it has the same kind of energetic bonds, my friends tell me, and "three times the power potential of aviation gasoline," Newsweek tells me. The question is whether it will burn properly in its solid form. The UMW pension fund is still a scandal. The government can't find a buyer for its $4 million dollar floating fish cannery, Pacific Explorer, currently laid up on the West Coast. Remind me why us pluribus unum have a fish cannery again? Auto experts expect a 25% reduction in car dealers next year due to price pressure. GM isn't going to license its high compression engine the way it did Hydra-Matic, because it stands to make more money that way.
Hollywood's latest craze is circus movies, while there's talk of giving out fewer Academy Awards next year, as all the categories cheapen the prize. Cantinflas will make an American movie next year, while Twentieth-Century Fox will make an Australian one called Australian Story and featuring Tyrone Power, to unlock some of its frozen sterling.
CBS has found a sponsor for Life with Luigi, its comedy series about an Italian immigrant. The TV networks are expected to continue to dial back their weekly comedy shows. General Weygand's memoirs will blow up a storm, while Nicolai Sinerversky's A Year in the MVD will be a sensation next year. Also to be looked out for, Kazuo Sakamaki's I Attacked Pearl Harbour and Edwin Hartrich's We Came as Conquerors, about the US occupation of Germany.
Washington Trends reports that all plans for more guns are going ahead smoothly, labour peace is expected through spring of next year with emphasis on pensions over wage gains, while the Senate's expansion of old age and survivors' insurance may further smooth troubled waters. A European central bank is next on the agenda for European integration, and will please the ECA, although Acheson is pushing the British for something more solid than "sympathy" for European integration. The RFC is in danger of being folded into the Federal Reserve due to its loans to Kaiser-Frazer and Lustron. Senator Fulbright's investigation "insures" a Congressional attempt to "define more closely the RFC's powers." The recent Bangkok conference of US Far Eastern diplomats see no likelihood of either US recognition of Peking or aid for Peiping-that-was. A "Little Marshal plan" to shore up Southeast Asian anti-communist regimes is on the table, and, of course, delayed or not, British recognition is inevitable.
"Ye Goode Thanksgiving of 1949" Actually, the "ye" for "the" form is only for noncapitalised words, but no-one cares. Pilgrims, Indians, turkey. Also, the 1949 crop was "satisfactory," national income hit $217 billion, unemployment is only 3.3 million, and the President received so many gift turkeys he can't even eat them all. I can't even eat one! Okay, I can eat a twelve pound bird. Eighteen, maybe. I can't eat a twenty-five pound turkey! Accuracy in abstracting!
The next story is about the Shah of Persia's ongoing tour of Washington, where he is making friends left, right and centre.
"Davis Knight, White" The latest chapter in the ongoing story of Davis Knight, descendant of Captain Newt Knight of the Free State of Jones, and ucontested White man until he married Junie Lee Spradley, at which time he was charged with miscegenation on account of his descent from Captain Knight via one Rachel, "full-blooded Negro." Under the Mississippi law, being more than one-eighth Negro makes you Negro, so the key question at issue was whether Rachel really was "full-blooded," in which case the arithmetic annulled the marriage. The defence position was that Rachel was a "full-blooded Cherokee." State witnesses included Thomas Jackson Knight, 88, who recalled Rachel as "coal black and kinky haired," whilst others remembered her as of gingerbread complexion with straight hair and high cheekbones, indicating possible Indian ancestry. Knight was convicted, sentenced to five years in jail, and Junie to being, retroactively, an unwed mother. Last week, the Mississippi Supreme Court issued its verdict on the appeal: "Get the Hell out of our courtroom, you inbred morons!" Er, I mean, that the verdict "went against the evidence."
"Old Story, New Cast" Two white men broke into a Negro farmer's house in Walhalla, South Carolina and shot him dead in a burglary, and have now been arrested and sent to jail, which Newsweek wants all you Northern nosy parkers to know. White men can get arrested for shooting Black men in the South, so everything is fine.
Speaking of everything being fine, Red trials continue, with Alger Hiss up on perjury in New York and facing Whittaker Chambers in the witness stand again, while Judith Coplon's co-defendant, Valentin Gubitcheff is now following her before the bench, and Harry Bridges on trial in San Francisco. At least it makes a change from "ghastly sex crimes against children." Newsweek goes to press to early to hear about the Yanez murder and the official start of "Horror Week." So what about that "war on men," again?
"Red Revolt" The riot at the National Maritime Union headquarters in New York was quite something in the week that the UMW went back to work. For now.
"B-29 Heartbreakers" Flight's habit of sneaking glancing reference to air disasters into the back pages because they just happen so gosh late was on display earlier in the month with this one, a Superfortress going into the drink off Bermuda for no better reason than being out of fuel while trying to cross the Atlantic on the Air Force's gig "trooping" exercise. HMCS Haida found them 72 hours after the distress call in two large rafts. Or 18 of them, anyway. So fewer deaths than in the crash of the search operations B-29 that went into the mud flats near Tampa, and far less than in the mid-air collision at Stockton that killed 18 crew.
Another California disaster in the making: Jimmy Roosevelt is going to run for Governor of California.
Ernest K. Lindley's Washington Tides column is about "Point Four to the Fore Again." As far as the "news" in "Newsweek" goes, one of the countries that might benefit from Point four loans or grants is Iran, and the Shah of Iran (or Persia!) is in Washington, where he said it was a great idea. Well, it is. No-one wants to see a worldwide WPA, but loaning out dollars is one way of getting dollars out there. The world, Lindley assures us, really wants American technical skills and knowledge, and the means to buy American capital goods, but world peace means opportunities for productive investments. The question is whether Colombia qualifies as "peaceful" right now.
"Shall We Arm the Germans Again?" One way of getting dollars out there is giving them to our Allies so they can buy American guns. Ahem. That's right, isn't it? Anyway, the bigger and better the foreign army, the more guns we can sell them with our own money. Okay, now Ronnie really doesn't understand. But! Germany would be a really big market. Er, Ally. Both? Anyway some more, we really can't defend Europe without German manpower to hold the line, and now the Russians have the bomb, what's to stop them from driving on the Rhine? The Germans aren't too keen on it, but can hardly say no if the French want it, and they may be persuadable, as (non-Communist) French increasingly see a Franco-German partnership as the key to a Communist-free Europe, and some French seem persuadable, if the East Germans start conscripting troops, first.
"Deep Freeze" The State Department has been trying to get two American icebreakers back from the Russians since the war, but the Russians are dragging their feet on the grounds that they are frozen into the ice, which leads on to Newsweek's special report from Scandinavia, where the Swedes are trying to be neutral behind the shield of the world's fourth largest air force and an almost self-sufficient economy of 7 million people. Norway is Socialist, pro-West, somewhat austere, has high liquor prices and a B-36-ready airfield at Stavanger. Denmark is also "austere," although since Newsweek reports, yet again, on the size of the hotel spreads and the beautiful stuff in the shop windows, I am going to guess that it means "cold." There may be two hundred years of coal in the ground, but it is in the ground.
In its UN coverage, Newsweek for the 28th November is the latest to tell us that the Soviet "peace offensive" is disingenuous and evil before heading over to London, where, if it isn't a story about the sterling balance and dire tidings, it is about the British being strangely giddy (and a bit eccentric) in spite of same. And this story is --the latter. Princess Elizabeth is off to the Mediterranean, plane delayed by fog, which, when lifted, revealed a bobby's helmet on the top of the 310ft central spire of the Palace of Westminster. Two medical students are suspected. The crew of Amethyst got a parade through London to "strained cheers of medium-sized crowds." The election is due for March, engineering workers have rejected the TUC's bid for wage restraint, the stock market hates the government, Civil service economic projections are being reined in, in case the Tories win, and they are called on to show that everything is awful, and Cripps defended devaluation against suggestions that rising prices for gold and dollars on the black market showed that everything is awful. While in France, Paris Pin-Up was acquitted of being salacious on grounds of Ooh-la-la.,
Captain Isbrandtsen of Flying Cloud is a hero for defying the Koumintang blockade of Shanghai on its way to Pusan to discharge an ECA cargo. Except for the part where we're kind of in favour of the blockade. And where he is in standing trouble with the Maritime Commission for undercutting rates. Aaron Ward continues to be an American hero for being in trouble up in Mukden, with the American Legion demanding that "armed forces . . . be dispatched."
The Japanese are, it turns out, a very strange and colourful people. Who knew? Australians are also eccentric, when they get where they're going, which isn't guaranteed what with the roads and all, says Engineering. Canada has rivers, not roads, and up one is Chalk River, where atomic things are going on, much to the US industry's chagrin, since the Canadians are doing it with a public corporation. Speaking of such things, there's a feature on British Columbia's compulsory hospital insurance scheme, about which you have probably heard more than Newsweek.
And that brings us to Latin America, which comes after Canada over at Newsweek, and specifically Colombia. Newsweek has a long explanation, which is interesting, but misses the important point. As much as Colombia's problems are Colombia's sorrow and Colombia's doing, at the very least we need to hear about what America thinks about it. Because if the world gets the idea that America is for Conservatives throwing Liberals out of government and unleashing civil war in the countryside and also for Point Four loans to friendly governments, well, I shudder to think what might happen next.
"Gimmick for the Budget" The 1950 Federal budget will have a $5.5 billion deficit, but the Administration is working on a way of presenting it so it won't sound so bad.
"Eastern Faire Hike" The Interstate Commerce Commission is allowing a rail fare hike in he eastern area (north of the Potomac and the Ohio, east of the Mississippi). The railways are happy, even if they don't really have a plan to counter passengers' exodus to the air.
"Seminar for Foremen" American Brake Shoe Company has 58 plants in 22 states employing anywhere from 50 to 700 people and deals with 62 unions, so they're running seminars for their foremen, where they'll learn about getting along with unions and cost-cutting.
A feature on the 1950 models isn't exactly long on information. The 1850 step-down Hudson will be slightly shorter than the original at 119 inches wheel base versus 126, have a 112hp engine against the original 128, and an optional automatic transmission. It will be priced at $1800, $500 less than the standard. The New York Journal of Commerce claims to have information about the Kaiser "baby."
Trends and Changes reports that a congressman has opinions about big business, that the 100,000 new homes completed in October will be a new record, that the airlines are more profitable than ever, that the 102 airmen crammed into a C-74 for the flight home from Britain was a record and didn't involve ditching in the Atlantic, and the Ladies Garment Makers Union has a scholarship.
"Tie to Productivity?" Talk of tying wage gains to productivity increases by some automatic escalator has support from Administration economists, but has Clark Kerr of the University of California on edge because it will require too much "centralised policy determination by government or by industry and organised labour . . "
The Fastener Corporation has a pocket stapler the size and shape of a fountain pen. Electro-Mechanical Devices, Corporation's "Dish-Dri" is a portable enclosed fan that blows hot air across dishes after washing, and can also be used to thaw frozen foods, dry fruit and set glued joints. Scovill Manufacturershttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_Motor_Car_Company#1946%E2%80%931954 of Waterbury, Conn., have an "X-frame" zipper designed for rough handling on work clothes and such.
As promised, Henry Hazlitt's column this week is gold buggery, arguing that "Gold Goes With Freedom." Apparently, when a country can't conduct its own monetary policy, it is "free." Henry takes a moment to apologise for being rude to Sir Stafford last week, allowing that he has the highest respect for Sir Stafford, who is a statesman of the first rank, and that his point was that if such a fine man and exemplary citizen could do something shabby like devaluing the pound, what would a bad Treasury Secretary do?
I don't know? Stand by and let the nation starve rather than take action against a deflation caused by, and leading to, gold hoarding? It could happen!
"The Third Sex" This sounds exciting, but really isn't. It turns out that Blepharisma, one of the simplest lifeforms, one-cell affairs only a hundredth of an inch long, have three sexes, in which Sex A fertilises Sex B, while Sex C fertilises Sex A. Introductions must be something!
"Pilot's Pilot's Pilot" Since it is almost 1950, it is time for Newsweek to explain how gyroscopes work,so that someone will know. (Imagine if The Economist tried to explain it? Ronnie boggles at the thought.) Anyway, gyros have a lag, which means that they'll let a plane wiggle up or down as much as 100ft before the automatic pilot adjusts the flight, which makes dropping an atom bomb just too inaccurate, don't you know. So this week, the news is that Kollsman's new autopilot has "nerves" consisting of "four aneroids like the vacuum-filled disks in dial-type barometers" that sense changes in altitude and start a "miniature motor which is linked" to the pilot. I take it back. The Economist could do it better.
"Science Against War" Newsweek's read on Vannevar Bush is that he is saying that future war won't blow us back into the Stone Age, because radar-guided interceptors will shoot down the bombers before they can drop their atom bombs, war gasses and artificial plagues.
|Clarence is a Proctor and Gamble heir. This|
aspect of his life doesn't seem to have made it
into the Wikipedia article, but his wife's role as
"perfect helpmate" does.
"Meat and Drink" The age-old theory that alcoholism causes cirrhosis of the liver has "defied all attempts at proof or complete repudiation." The fact that it occurs in non-alcoholics raises doubts not assuaged by studies finding a link. Now, Dr. C. H. Best, co-discoverer of insulin, has found that the addition of certain foods to an alcoholic regimen may prevent cirrhosis. He thinks that both alcohol and soft drinks cause a reduced appetite for choline, which is the protective agent against cirrhosis, and that addition of choline to alcoholic and sweet beverages may be the cure.
"The Old Primapara" This is what obstetric circles call a pregnancy over 35. The well known risk to mother and baby has long led doctors to go to prompt Caesrean delivery if spontaneous delivery isn't immediate, but Dr. L. A. Calkins of Kansas City, Kansas, disagrees, arguing that if you are young enough to get pregnant, you are young enough to have a baby, and that doctors should wait to initiate surgery if the pregnancy is without complications, especially ones that might indicate heart disease.
Press, Radio-Television, People
Lead off in Press is a profile of Ashton Stevens, followed by Alexander MacDonald of the Bangkok Post. The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette cancelled its new Sunday edition after just seven months, while the Chicago Tribune is pleased to announce that it has A-bomb shelters in the basement of the Tribune Tower, having gone in on its own because the Government is soft on surviving atom bomb blasts.
NBC's decision to televise Vice-President Barkeley's wedding won it 10.5 million viewers in spite of being terrible television. The Telephone Hour gets a profile.
Gene Tierney is back in America. William O'Dwyer is upset that the press ruined his post-election holiday. Frank Sinatra feels like a small fry when he visits New York because they're so blase about stars there. Ely Culbertson is going to write the book on canasta to goo with his book on contract bridge. Errol Flynn is getting engaged to a Romaniani princess, and Bernard Baruch is leaving his entire fortune to medical research. Robert Frost got a medal, Senator McKellar got a sore hip, Hugh Gravitt, the hit-and-run driver who killed Margaret Mitchell got twelve-to-eighteen years, and Janette Bakst Winchell, mother of Walter, got dead. I'm sorry, but I was extending my parallelism. Fell from a window. Such a tragedy.
The New Pictures As I've had occasion to say before, this isn't actually a section in Newsweek, I'm just trying to standardise my coverage with Time. But the reason I say it is that Newsweek's coverage of the new movies often leads in from a pretty interesting story, and this week's is about Cecil DeMille's Samson and Delilah, which has been working its way to the theatre since 1935(!). It will finally release in December, and features Hedy Lamarr, which is almost a story in its own right. Oh, and Victor Mature, too. It's too early for a review, but it's also probably reviewer-proof. It will be interesting to see whether it leads to more DeMille movies. I have a feeling that he's just too old.
Ahem. Thank you for your patience. The "other" new movies are Seabiscuit and --oops, I might have torn a page while trying to cut out a glam shot of Hedy. What can I say? She's my fashion godddess!
The Art section has wandered a way down past Cinema, so, what the heck, I'll give it its own heading, especially when the lead article is "Japanese Life Experience," which is not your typical Art page fare. A grand coalition of Church Ladies and General MacArthur (okay, the American Association of University Women and the Supreme Allied Command) have sponsored an exhibit of art by Japanese schoolchildren. It is so American, visitors say, that "only the hairstyles are Japanese." Another New York showing is a travelling exhibit of "treasures" from the Vienna Fine Arts Museum, which sounds like a great place to visit, although it's not especially Viennese, in that the museum has the usual collection of great masters like Vermeer and Reuben, albeit perhaps a bit focussed on the former Habsburg lands. (Of which old Belgium, and Antwerp, is one.)
The Fiction of the Forties is a giant book of 51 stories chosen from mostly Story Magazine, including many, many authors, but not, according to the reviewer, really capturing the Forties in the way that Sherwood Anderson capture the Twenties or Hemingway the Thirties. Unless the Forties are a "mad" decade, since insanity emerges as a common theme. Hmm. HMM. Magda von Hattingberg (which is a real name) has Rilke and Benvenuta, which is the story of Rainer Maria Rilke's love affair with a concert pianist who wrote him a fan letter in 1913, and got an "outpouring" of "affection, in cadenced phrases." Followed by something more, we are given to understand. Except for those who think that she is making it all up. Duncan Phillips, author of a many-volume history of Salem, has turned to something lighter, Pepper and Pirates, which is about the old-time Salem adventurers who made a lot of money on Sumatran pepper --and helped pay the full fifth of the cost of the US government covered by the Salem customhouse. James Norman Hall's A Word for His Sponsor is a book in the form of a long narrative poem of rhymed couplets about Chester White, a young broadcaster who abandoned his Bentley's Beer-sponsored show in mid-broadcast and has a series of colourful adventures, if by adventures we allow meeting people, first on a park bench and then in a shack by the city dump. Newsweek is very impressed, and quotes at length. The American Finnegans Wake" We'll see. But no.
Raymond Moley's column this week is "Organising for Freedom." Moley's point is that Dulles' defeat in New York was a foregone conclusion, because everyone loves Lehman. Instead of drawing some kind of hopelessly limp conclusion about the popularity of the President's programme, all opponents of the Fair Deal, north and south, should mobilise and stand together and defeat it. Republicans, Democrats, labour leaders, "nationwide political alliances . . " They all need to stand for FREEDOM. A right-wing counterpart to Americans for Democratic Action and the Political Action Committee is required. Being apart from the GOP, it will be free to ditch the civil rights albatross --Ahem, "leave civil rights to the states," and "override a score of political taboos."
That was pretty wild. I don't think Moley is very happy about Dulles going down.